Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Minnesota Wildflowers

The outside is covered with snow right now but that doesn't stop me from enjoying flowers!
We are blessed with many beautiful wildflowers that grow in our state. Since I got my digital camera I have had a blast taking pictures of some of them (I didn't take many nature photos previously because of the expense of film). As I am sharing about MN (okay, so I was sharing about MN but this post took a long time which rather slowed up my state reporting), I didn't think it would be complete without a section on Wildflowers. I am going to attempt to make this a usable resource. I will list each one alphabetically and add other information that I know about them.


Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor

It is in the Iris family. It blooms in Spring and summer.
Habitat is wet, sun or shade, edges of woodlands, lakes and rivers.
This is my original favorite flower and still the one I will name if anyone asks me what my favorite is. These do work well as a cut flower but don't really last that long. However there are many buds on one stem so when one closes another will usually open.
Canada Goldenrod
Solidago canadensis

It is in the Aster family. It blooms in the summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, open fields and prairies.
Goldenrod works well in flower arrangements. It is commonly blamed for allergies but generally unjustly so.
Columbine
Aquilegie canadensis

It is in the Buttercup family. It blooms in the Spring and summer.
Habitat is dry, rocky places, open deciduous woods, shade.
It works well as a cut flower, though as with many wildflowers it needs to be treated gently. I grew up calling this honeysuckle because there are little bags of "honey" at the end of each of the tubes. My children love to collect these flowers and bite off the ends as a treat.
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale

It is in the Aster family. In blooms in spring, summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, lawns, fields and about anywhere! :-)
This does not work well as a cut flower but go ahead and pick as many as you would like! I think nothing is sweeter that a handful of dandelions from a smiling child.
Common Yarrow
Achillea millefolium

It is in the Aster family. It blooms in Summer and Fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, deciduous woods, fields and prairies.
It does work as a cut flower. This is a medicinal herb and can be used to make tea. I have heard good reports for using it on wounds as well.


Creeping Bellflower
Campanula rapunculoides

It is in the Bellflower family. It blooms in summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, fields and old homesteads.
As I recall it works fine as a cut flower but I don't think it lasts real long. It is another of my favorites! :-)
Giant Blue Hyssop
Agastache foeniculum

It is in the Mint family. It blooms in the summer. By the way, sorry the picture is not very good. I will try to get a better on next summer.
Habitat is dry, sun or shade, deciduous woods and prairies.
It works well as a cut flower. The leaves smell like black licorice and you can use it to make tea.


Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia

It is in the Bellflower family. It blooms in the summer.
Habitat is wet, sun, rocky outcroppings along rivers, meadows and prairies.
This is one of the most dainty and beautiful flowers you will find. It does work as a cut flower but has a very fragile stem.

Hepatica

It is in the Buttercup family. It blooms in the Spring. We grew up calling them Mayflowers and we loved looking for them in late April and early May.
Habitat is dry, shade, deciduous woods.
These last pretty well as a cut flower. You need pretty small vases to put them in though. :-) They are incredibly sweet flowers and they come in shades ranging from white to a deep lavender.


Hoary AlyssumBerteroa incana


It is in the Mustard family. It blooms in summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, open fields, along roads and disturbed sites.
This works fine as a cut flowers. It is a common flower. It is a host plant for Cabbage butterfly catipillars.


Hoary PuccoonLithosperum canescens


It is in the Borage Family. It blooms in the Spring.
Habitat is dry, sun, rocky soils, prairies and along roads.
It is a very sweet little flower and it works fine as a cut flower.


Large-flowered BellwortUvularia grandiflora


It is in the Lily family. It blooms in the Spring.
Habitat is wet, shade, deciduous woods.
This isn't the greatest cut flower.



Large-Leaved Aster
Aster macrophyllus

It is in the Aster family. It blooms in summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, shade, deciduous woods.
It work as a cut flower.



Ox-Eye Daisy
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

It is in the Aster family. It blooms in spring and summer.
Habitat is wet or dry, sun, fields, along roads and pastures.
It lasts well as a cut flower. There is something so very cheerful about seeing a feild of daisies!!




Purple Fringed Orchid
Habenaria psycodes

It is in the Orchid family. It blooms in the summer.
Habitat is wet, sun, grassy marshes, damp woodland borders, prairies.
It has not been cultivated and thus won't grow in a garden. It should never be picked or transplanted.

Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
They are in the Pea or Bean Family. They bloom in Spring, Summer and Fall.
Habitat is wet or dry, sun, old fields and pastures.
They work fine as a cut flower. (To put in vases.)
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea maculosa

It is in the aster family. It blooms in summer and fall.
Habitat is dry, sun, fields, along roads.
It does not work that well as a cut flower. It is considered a noxious weed but that doesn't stop it from still being pretty.

Spreading DogbaneApocynum androsaemifolium
It is in the Dogbane family. It blooms in the summer.
Habitat is dry, sun, along roads and edges of deciduous woods.
This is a close relative of the milk weed and also has a milky substance in it's stem.
Trillium, Large flowered
Trillium grandiflorum


They are in the Lily family. They bloom in the spring. They are incredibly beautiful!!
Habitat is rich moist woodlands, deciduous woods.
They last forever as a cut flower, but I shouldn't know. I found out afterwards that they are protected as they have a hard time coming back if they have been picked.
Violet

Viola


It is in the violet family. It blooms in Spring and Summer.
Habitat is wet, cool shade, rich deciduous woods.
This is a beautiful little flower that lasts nicely and looks so sweet in a little vase.


Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa

This is part of the mint family. It blooms in the summer.
Habitat is dry, sun, fields, prairies, deciduous sunny woods, along roads.
This lasts well as a cut flower. It also has a neat scent. When reading I found out that this mint's oil is an essential ingredient in Earl Grey tea.
Wild Rose
Rosa spp.

Wood Anemone
Anemone quinquefolia

It is in the Buttercup famly. It blooms in the spring.
Habitat is dry, shade, openings and edges of deciduous woods.
This is a very common flower that is fun to see blooming all over in the spring. It does well in a little vase.
Creeping Charlie
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
These flowers below are ones I am not sure about. If you know I would love to have you tell me!


This is part of the Rosa family. (In fact the various roses do a lot of interbreeding so who knows exactly what species it is.) It starts blooming around June and blooms some throughout the summer.
It grows in sandy soil on the edges of woods.
It is a good cut flower. The rose hips are edible and a great source of vitamin C.

10 comments:

Anonymous said...

The first one you don't know I believe is creeping charlie and is considered a noxious weed. Anna

Who? Oldest of six said...

You missed lilacs. They smell WONDERFUL!

Abbi said...

Anna, I think I have heard that name. I will have to check into that more and update it.

Tracy, I love lilacs too but I don't really think they are a wildflower. They are generally cultivated though they survive very well so they keep on living even without care.

Who? Oldest of six said...

Oh, I guess I missed the wildflower part. :P

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